New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern swept to a historic election victory and said she will use her mandate to rebuild an economy battered by the coronavirus pandemic and tackle social inequality.
Ardern’s Labour Party secured the first outright majority in parliament since the introduction of proportional representation in 1996 and, if preliminary results stand, its biggest share of the vote in more than 70 years. Ardern is expected to invite the Green Party into her government but wouldn’t comment until final results are in.
“Over the next three years there is much work to do,” she told supporters on Saturday in Auckland. “We will build back better from the Covid crisis. We have the mandate to accelerate our response and our recovery.”
Ardern, 40, has captured the hallowed center ground in New Zealand politics with a blend of empathetic leadership and skilled crisis management that has also won her fame abroad. Her successful handling of the coronavirus pandemic has demonstrated those strengths, drowning out criticism that she hasn’t delivered on some key promises during her first term in office.
With 97% of the vote counted, Labour had 49% after a huge swing to the left in many urban and provincial electorates. The opposition National Party slumped to 27%, its worst showing since 2002. The results give Ardern 64 of the 120 seats in parliament.
Ardern will now have
more scope to deliver the transformational government she promised when she came to power three years ago, particularly if the Greens are able to push her to be more progressive on issues such as poverty and climate change.
Still, she will be wary of alienating the many center-right voters she has won from National with increased social spending at a time when debt is spiraling due to the government’s pandemic response.
Voters are rewarding Ardern for crushing community transmission of Covid-19 while countries like the UK, US and even neighboring Australia are still battling to contain the virus.
National Party leader Judith Collins conceded defeat after calling Ardern to congratulate her. Collins, who struggled to gain traction against the wildly popular Ardern during the campaign, pointed to the economic challenges facing the nation as it recovers from the pandemic.
“New Zealand is in for a tough economic ride and it is going to need better fiscal policy than we have so far seen,” she said.
National has been in disarray, changing its leader twice this year and suffering a string of scandals that eroded its claim to be a stronger team than Labour and a better economic manager.
By contrast, Ardern has been mobbed by crowds on the campaign trail in a repeat of the “Jacinda-mania” first seen in 2017. In the battle against Covid, Ardern was alone among her western peers in pursuing an explicit elimination strategy and imposed one of the strictest nationwide lockdowns in the world.
The economy suffered its most severe contraction since the Great Depression, slumping 12.2% in the second quarter,
but the lockdown wiped out community spread of the
virus and restrictions were removed sooner than in many other countries.
Under New Zealand’s electoral system, parties must win 5% of votes or an electorate seat to enter parliament.