Walmart Inc. is in discussions to spend about $7 billion to become the largest investor in India’s leading e-commerce company, according to people familiar with the matter, a move that would put the US retailer in competition with Amazon.com Inc.
in one of the most promising online retail markets.
The Bentonville, Arkansas-based retail giant plans to buy about a third of Flipkart Online Services Pvt, in part by purchasing stakes from Tiger Global Management and SoftBank Group Corp., said the people, asking not to be identified because the talks are private. The deal may push the valuation of the homegrown startup to about $20 billion, the people said, up from about $12 billion in 2017. The talks are at a critical stage and may wrap up this month. It’s also possible specifics such as the valuation or stake size may still change, and the deal may not come to fruition.
If completed, the deal would give Walmart a major stake in an emerging e-commerce market of 1.3 billion people. The US company is the world’s largest retailer, but it has struggled against Amazon as consumers increasingly migrate to online commerce. India is the next big potential prize after the US and China, where foreign retailers have made little progress against Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.
Walmart’s backing would fortify Flipkart as it faces its own challenge from Amazon.
Founder Jeff Bezos has already pledged to invest $5.5 billion in India and indicated he will spare no expense in his attempt to lead the market.
Walmart and Flipkart declined to comment.
Walmart is still working through the negotiations of its stock purchase, the people said. SoftBank, which has made more than $100 billion of its investment in Alibaba, wants to retain a substantial stake in Flipkart and avoid giving up too much of its existing shares, the people said. Tiger Global would like to hold onto at least a small Flipkart stake after Walmart comes in, said one person. Flipkart could also issue new shares as Walmart takes its stake, the people said.
Tiger and SoftBank are currently the startup’s largest shareholders, followed by South Africa’s Naspers Ltd. If the deal goes through, it would be the biggest in the nascent history of Indian e-commerce.
That could add up to a formidable anti-Amazon alliance as SoftBank is also close to finalising an investment in Alibaba-backed Paytm E-Commerce Pvt, the third key player in India’s
online retail market.