As the battle to land Amazon.com Inc.’s second headquarters comes down to the wire, one of the less glamorous contenders is poised to add as much as $1 billion in tax breaks to its pitch.
Newark, New Jersey, is expected to approve the big bag of cash, part of a $7 billion package the state is dangling in front of Amazon to capture HQ2, as it’s called. A trio of ordinances up for adoption at a city council meeting on Wednesday was expected to give the payroll-tax exemptions to any company that creates 30,000 jobs and invests $3 billion in New Jersey’s largest city over the next 20 years.
The ordinances passed the council unanimously when they came up for first consideration last month.
The inducements would be applicable to other companies should Amazon decide to build its $5 billion campus elsewhere, said Aisha Glover, president of the Newark Community Economic Development Corp.
“This is not Amazon legislation,” Glover said in an interview. “This is for transformative projects.” It is certainly one of the largest known subsidy packages offered by the 20 places on Amazon’s shortlist, which include Los Angeles, Denver, Miami, New York, Boston, three parts of the Washington, DC, region and, outside the US, Toronto. Most of the candidates haven’t disclosed their offers.
The Seattle-based e-commerce company last year announced plans to seek the second headquarters to accommodate as many as 50,000 employees over the next 18 years, triggering the competition in an initial field of 238 locations.
The contest has been so intense that St. Louis was eliminated despite a $7.1 billion proposal. Amazon has said it will make a decision by the end of the year.
Newark can’t boast the credentials of a New York or an LA, established homes of numerous large and well-known corporations. But it has four superhighways that run through it or near it, a big port, an international airport and two major commuter rail stations, both connected to New York City. Housing prices are lower than in most of the region. Newark already is home to the headquarters of Audible Inc., an Amazon subsidiary that specialises in audio books.
Of the finalists, Newark and Montgomery County, Maryland, with a package of as much as $6.5 billion, stand out with fat, publicly disclosed incentives. Such large offers are likely to step up the bidding and risk removing any economic gains the cities might have reaped, according to Good Jobs First, a nonprofit group that tracks economic-development spending.
“The whole public auction was staged to make everyone more aggressive,” said Greg LeRoy, the group’s executive director. “They’re trying to take advantage of the huge number of bids that never had a prayer to get leverage on the places that were already on the shortlist before they even announced this.”