Mercari Inc. soared on its first day of trading on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, underscoring investor optimism in its prospects. Shares of the Japanese online marketplace traded at around 5,300 yen in Tokyo on Tuesday, rallying from the 3,000 yen price at the initial public offering on June 11.
Mercari raised $1.2 billion, Japan’s biggest for a technology company since Line Corp. debuted in July 2016. The flea market app has become the country’s default market for selling and buying used goods on smartphones, where downloads of the app reached 71 million in the five years since its debut. As the immediate excitement of the IPO settles, investors will be keen to see if founder Shintaro Yamada can execute an ambitious overseas expansion plan, something that no other Japanese tech startup has yet managed to do.
“Mercari has a pretty unassailable position in Japan,” said James Riney, the head of 500 Startups in Japan. “The biggest challenge will be whether public investors will have the patience for Yamanda-san and his management team to focus on the US market.”
Mercari sold 43.5 million shares in the IPO, including additional stock via a greenshoe allotment. Investors in the US and Europe bought 7.9 million of existing stock and 16 million of new shares.
People sell everything from clothes and electronics to baseball tickets using the app, which has been downloaded more than 100 million times globally. Mercari said revenue in the nine months through March almost doubled from a year earlier, to 24.6 billion yen. The company reported operating losses of 1.9 billion yen during the period, as it sought to expand in the US.
The Japanese operation has been profitable for the past two years. The Tokyo-based company debuted in the US in 2014, joining a long list
of well-funded marketplace startups —including OfferUp, Letgo, Wish and Poshmark— seeking to lure users away from established online markets such as EBay Inc., Amazon.com Inc. and Craigslist Inc.
US downloads of Mercari’s app reached 37 million by the end of March, about half the total in Japan. Its US operations are generating 6 billion yen worth of gross merchandise volume, a key metric
of the value of goods sold on the marketplace.